During World War 2, Charles and Ray devoted their days to wartime efforts, but at night and on weekends, they had begun to advance their experiments in molded plywood furniture for home and offices. In addition to individual chairs for dining tables or desks, they also tried making lounge chairs with molded plywood.
The results are these two. They have no upholstery because that was the concept: to support the human body by the form of the chair, not by its padding or springs. In these early experiments, we can see the first stages of what became the very successful lounge chair and ottoman of 1956.