Charles and Ray Eames began their relationship with Vitra and its founding family, the Fehlbaums, in 1957.
Vitra, which was originally founded by Willi and Erika Fehlbaum as a shopfitting business, entered the furniture market in 1957 with the licensed production of furniture from the Herman Miller Collection—primarily designs by Charles and Ray Eames and George Nelson—for the European market. In 1967 the company introduced the Panton Chair by Verner Panton—the first cantilever chair out of plastic. In 1977, Rolf Fehlbaum took over the management of Vitra. In 1984 the partnership that had been formed with Herman Miller in 1957 was terminated by mutual consent. Subsequently, Vitra obtained the rights to designs by Charles and Ray Eames and George Nelson for Europe and the Middle East.
The picture below shows Willi Fehlbaum, Charles Eames, and Rolf Felhbaum.
In 1981 a major fire strongly affected the development of the company. The reconstruction of the production facilities in Weil am Rhein led to the Vitra Campus. After the reconstruction of the site, the first public building on the campus was the Vitra Design Museum. Founded in 1989 and housed in a building by Frank Gehry, the museum is partly based on their own broad collection of 20th century furniture as well as host of visiting exhibitions.
Initiated in 1993, the research and exhibition Citizen Office: Ideas and Notes on a New Office World, led to an internationally traveling exhibition of the Vitra Design Museum. A new vision for the office evolved, in cooperation with Andrea Branzi, Michele De Lucchi, Ettore Sottsass, and James Irvine, which was based on the premise that an office is not only a workspace, but also a living space. This led to the logical conclusion that the design of an office should take the emotional and social needs of employees into account, which has since had a lasting effect on the formulation of design ideas linked to contemporary offices. From the 1970s until the late 1990s, Vitra focused on the office furniture sector.
In 2002, Fehlbaum initiated a new direction for the company, which also considered the realm of domestic living. In this sense, within the framework of discussions with Jasper Morrison and the brothers Ronan and Erwan Bouroullec, the basic concept of the Vitra Home Collection was developed. Launched in 2004, the Home Collection includes Vitra Classics as well as contemporary designs.
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